Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning. Atropine may be used alone or with other medications.
For which of the following medical emergencies is atropine?
This anti-muscarinic, anti-cholinergic drug is indicated for the management of hypotension, which is accompanied by bradycardia.
What is atropine used for in an emergency?
It is used in emergency situations when the heart beats too slowly, as an antidote to for example organophosphate insecticide or nerve gas poisoning and in mushroom poisoning. It can be used as part of the premedication before general anaesthesia.
What is the indication of atropine drug?
Intravenous (IV) atropine indications include patients with hypersalivation, bronchial secretions, or bradycardia. Large doses and repeat doses may be required. Ingestions especially require higher doses (up to 20 mg). Titrate to effect by monitoring the patient’s ability to clear excess secretions.
What is atropine used for heart?
The use of atropine in cardiovascular disorders is mainly in the management of patients with bradycardia. Atropine increases the heart rate and improves the atrioventricular conduction by blocking the parasympathetic influences on the heart.
Can nurses give atropine?
An certified critical care nurse may administer a dose of Atropine 0.5 mg IV or Intraosseus (IO) direct by Medical Directive. The nurse may repeat with a second dose of 1 mg.
When is atropine preferred over epinephrine?
Epinephrine provides a greater amount of hemodynamic support. Patients dying with bradycardia aren’t truly dying from bradycardia itself, but rather from cardiogenic shock (low cardiac output). Atropine offers these patients an increased heart rate, nothing more.
How is atropine used in medicine?
Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery. Atropine is also used to treat spasms in the stomach, intestines, bladder, or other organs. Atropine is sometimes used as an antidote to treat certain types of poisoning.
What is atropine injection used for?
Atropine Injection is given before anaesthesia to decrease mucus secretions, such as saliva. During anaesthesia and surgery, atropine is used to help keep the heart beat normal. Atropine sulfate monohydrate is also used to block or reverse the adverse effects caused by some medicines and certain type of pesticides.
How is atropine administered?
Atropine is administered by intravenous injection or intramuscular injection. Other pharmaceutical forms/strengths may be more appropriate in the cases where a dose above 0.5 mg is required. All these contra-indications are however not relevant in life-threatening emergencies (such as bradyarrhythmia, poisoning).
What is the nursing implication of atropine?
Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery while under the influence of atropine. Reduce lighting to decrease photophobia. Monitor GI motility (BMs and flatus) and urine output while patient is receiving atropine. Atropine is a common pre-operative agent, and can be given IM, SC, PO, or IV.
What is digoxin used for?
Digoxin is used to treat heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). It helps the heart work better and it helps control your heart rate.
Which action occurs in a patient receiving atropine?
Atropine acts by blocking the effects of excess concentrations of acetylcholine at muscarinic cholinergic synapses following OP inhibition of AChE. Atropine is the initial drug of choice in acute OP poisoning.
What is glycopyrrolate used for?
Glycopyrrolate (Cuvposa) is used to reduce saliva and drooling in children between 3 and16 years of age that have certain medical conditions that cause drooling. Glycopyrrolate is in a class of medications called anticholinergics.
What is Isoprenaline used for?
Isoprenaline is a catecholamine non-selective beta-adrenergic agonist typically used to treat bradycardia and heart block.
What is atropine target?
Atropine binds to and inhibit muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, producing a wide range of anticholinergic effects. Atropine is rapidly and well absorbed after intramuscular administration. Atropine disappears rapidly from the blood and is distributed throughout the various body tissues and fluids.