What are the medications that an EMT can assist a patient to self administer?
Medications authorized for administration by EMTs are:
- Activated Charcoal.
- Epinephrine, 1:1,000 via EpiPen® or vial.
- Nitroglycerin (Tablet or Spray)
- Oral Glucose Gel.
What is the most important medication that should be administered to a patient experiencing chest pain with difficulty breathing?
Oxygen administration is a must in patients with hypoxia. Nitroglycerin may have helped relieve the pulmonary edema but the patient’s blood pressure was too low.
When do you give nitroglycerin to patients?
Nitroglycerin sublingual tablets are used to treat episodes of angina (chest pain) in people who have coronary artery disease (narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart). It is also used just before activities that may cause episodes of angina in order to prevent the angina from occurring.
What are the six routes an EMT can use to put a drug into the body of a patient?
Uses oral, auto-injection, sublingual, inhalation, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraosseous, transcutaneous, rectal, endotracheal, and intravenous routes including central and peripheral lines and venesection as well as infusion pumps to administer medications.
What is EMT drug?
This medication is used to treat occasional constipation. Some medications and conditions can make constipation more likely. Stool softeners such as docusate are often the first method used for preventing and treating this type of constipation.
What medications can Paramedics give?
EMTs and paramedics administer numerous drugs, like epinephrine for anaphylaxis, albuterol for asthma, and nitroglycerine for chest pain, to treat life-threatening medical conditions and relieve patient pain.
What is the best medicine for the heart?
The Big 6 Heart Medications
- Statins — to lower LDL cholesterol. …
- Aspirin — to prevent blood clots. …
- Clopidogrel — to prevent blood clots. …
- Warfarin — to prevent blood clots. …
- Beta-blockers — to treat heart attack and heart failure and sometimes used to lower blood pressure.
Why do EMTs give aspirin to the patient on the ambulance?
They do that for two reasons. They do that so it can be provided early, and they also do it so it’s not forgotten, it’s not overlooked, to ensure that the patient gets it, and then if they actually end up getting an extra aspirin in the emergency department, that’s okay, that won’t hurt them.
Which of the following is a typical indication of congestive heart failure CHF )?
Certain hallmarks for CHF include jugular venous distention (JVD), dyspnea/tachypnea, tachycardia, crackles in the lungs, and pitting pedal edema. JVD is due to decreased venous return to the heart via the right atrium.
How is nitroglycerin given by an EMT?
Sublingual nitroglycerin is typically administered one tablet or spray every five minutes up to three doses. Some prehospital protocols recommend continuing dosage and even administering higher dose nitroglycerin two to three sublingual doses together in cases of hypertensive congestive heart failure.
What medications are contraindicated with nitroglycerin?
Administration of nitroglycerin is contraindicated in patients who are using PDE-5 inhibitors (e.g., sildenafil citrate, tadalafil, vardenafil hydrochloride). These compounds have been shown to potentiate the hypotensive effects of organic nitrates.
What are the 5 contraindications of nitroglycerin?
Who should not take NITROGLYCERIN?
- significant anemia.
- methemoglobinemia, a type of blood disorder.
- severe heart failure.
- a hemorrhage in the brain.
- low blood pressure.
- high pressure within the skull.